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No. 223 Squadron R.A.F.

Description of the Squadron's BadgeA lion statant. The squadron served in Kenya during the late 1930's and the lion in the badge commemorates this fact.
Squadron's Motto:"Alæ defendunt Africam" ("Wings defend Africa").
Formation date:1/4/1918 from B squadron RNAS
Brief History:Disbanded 7/1918. Reformed 7/1918 as seaplane unit, but disbanded 5/1919. Reformed 15/12/1936 (Bomber), 10/1941-3/1942 as Strategic Reconnaissance. Renumbered No.30 on 12/8/1944. Reformed 23/8/1944 and disbanded 29/7/1945
King George VI, August 1937
Squadron Bases & Airfields Equipment Used and Dates
Detachment Summit circa 6/1938 Vincent
Summit 17/9/1939 Wellesley
Gordon's Tree 22/1/1940 Maryland
Summit 18/5/1940 Blenheim I
Detachments perim Island, Gordon's Tree Boston III
Wadi Gazouza 1/12/1940 Baltimore I
Shandur 17/4/1941 Baltimore II
Squadon acting as OTU 5/1941-1/1942 Baltimore III
LG 116 16/4/1942 Baltimore IIIA
Detachment Baheira Baltimore IV
LG 99 22/6/1942 Baltimore V
LG Y 30/6/1942 Liberator IV
Detachment LG 86, LG 98 circa 7/1942 Fortress II
LG 86 2/9/1942 Fortress III
Detachments LG Y, LG 209, Habbaniyah, Derna,
Abu Sueir
Sirtan West 7/3/1943
Sirtan North 10/3/1943
Ben Gardane 15//1943
Medanine 2/4/1943
La Fauconnerie 13/4/1943
Enfidaville 1/6/1943
Reyville 20/6/1943
Detachment Luqa
Monte Lungo 17/8/1943
Sigonella 22/8/1943
Brindisi 28/9/1943
Celone 26/10/1943
Biferno 14/3/1944
Pescara 26/6/1944-12/8/1944
Oulton 23/8/1944-29/7/1945
No 223 Squadron was formed on 1 April 1918 at Mitylene from B Squadron RNAS for operations in the Aegean. Consisting of Nos.559, 560 and 561 flights, it flew bombing and reconnaissance missions in the area until the end of the war disbanding on 16 May 1919. On 15 December 1936, No.223 reformed at Nairobi from a detached flight of No.45 squadron which has been based in Kenya since 25 September 1935. It remained as a single flight of Gordons and from February 1937, Vincents until re-equipped with Wellesleys in June 1938. On the outbreak of war with Italy in June 1940 the squadron began raids on Italian East Africa from the Sudan. With the main campaign almost over, No.223 moved to Egypt in April 1941, where it became a training unit for converting crews on to Blenhiems, Marylands, Bostons and Baltimores and resumed operations as a bomber unit in May. After moving westwards through Libya after the battle of El Alamein, No.223 arrived in Tunisia in April 1943, and moved to Malta in July for attacks on tactical targets in Sicily and by the end of September was operating from southern Italy. Until July 1944, it carried out interdiction raids on enemy communications in Italy and was renumbered 30 Squadron, South African Air Force, on 12 August 1944. On 23 August 1944, No.223 reformed at Oulton in No.100 Group as a bomber support squadron. On 19 September it flew its first counter-measure missions with Liberators, adding some Fortresses in April 1945. On 29 July 1945, the squadron disbanded. On 1 December 1959, No.223 reformed at Folkingham as a Thor strategic missile squadron disbanding on 23 August 1963.
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